Kidney Pain Symptoms & Causes

The kidneys are two organs whose major functions are to remove waste products and excess fluid from the body and to produce hormones that regulate blood pressure, red blood cell production, acid regulation and to influence calcium, sodium, potassium and other electrolyte metabolism.

What are symptoms and signs are associated with kidney pain? Symptoms associated with kidney pain (also termed renal or flank pain) are discomfort (acute or chronic), aches, or sharp pain that occurs in the back between approximately the lowest rib and the buttock. Depending on the cause of the pain, it may radiate down the flank to the groin or toward the abdominal area.

Some individuals may develop symptoms and signs such as:
Painful urination (dysuria)
Blood in the urine
Constipation or diarrhea

Other signs and symptoms that may occur if the kidney function is increasingly compromised are a
metallic taste in the mouth,
bad breath,
swelling and shortness of breath.

Kidney pain itself is a symptom that may happen due to problems or diseases of the kidney or its associated structures, including the ureters or bladder. However, other diseases may mimic kidney pain, but are not actually due to the kidneys, for example,
muscle strains in the back,
spinal problems (fracture, abscesses),
rib pain,
retroperitoneal fibrosis

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