Kidney stones are small yet hard deposits made of mineral and acid salts. These stones don’t usually cause any trouble so long as they stay in your kidney, but you may experience severe pain when these stones move through the tubes of the urinary tract system, which typically includes the urethra or the ureters.
Sometimes, the movement of kidney stones in women has no symptoms at all, but even if you feel pain, the stones usually leave no permanent damage. Most women don’t know they have stones in their kidneys until they experience pain. You should look for certain symptoms of kidney stones in women to take appropriate steps in time.
There is usually no difference in kidney stone symptoms in women and men. The only thing is that women are more likely to develop issues related to kidney stones in their 50s. It is important to mention that kidney stones may never cause any symptoms at all, especially when they are small enough to pass through your urinary tract. You may, however, notice certain symptoms when they actually start to move.
Some of the most common symptoms of kidney stones in women include the following:
You will experience severe pain that will hit you out of nowhere. It becomes worse in waves and makes you feel pain in the abdomen, back, genitals or groin. The pain is usually quite excruciating.
You may notice blood in your urine, which usually is the outcome of a stone passing through the ureters.
You will experience frequent and painful urination, which usually happens when the stone stays in ureter or reaches the urethra. This may also cause a urinary tract infection.
Types of Kidney Stone Based on Different Causes. There can be different types of kidney stones in women. The type of a stone you have in your kidneys will help a lot in identifying the underlying cause and put you in a better position to select a right treatment option.
Calcium Stones. These are the most common types of kidney stones and appear in the form of calcium oxalate, which is a naturally occurring substance in different food items you eat.
Struvite Stones. These stones form in your kidneys after an infection, especially after a urinary tract infection.
Uric Acid Stones. If you don’t drink enough water or fluid or you lose too much fluid too quickly, you may end up developing uric acid stones.
Cysteine Stones. Your kidneys may excrete too much of cystinuria, which is mainly due to a hereditary disorder.
Treatment. No invasive treatment is usually required to deal with kidney stones in women. These stones often pass through your urinary tract within 48 hours or so. It is important, however, to drink enough fluid to make those stones pass with ease. Drinking up to 2.8 liters of water a day will really help flush out your urinary system and eliminate any stones as well. You may sometimes require medications to deal with your kidney stones. Ketorolac is usually the best choice. This injectable anti-inflammatory drug works amazingly to control pain – your doctor may recommend it when OTC pain-relieving medications don’t work. You need to avoid aspirin, Ketorolac, and NSAIDs if you’re going for lithotripsy because these medications increase the risk of excessive bleeding. You may require intravenous pain medications when you also have vomiting and nausea.